Assignment One - EDID6501 (Learning Theories and Instructional Design)
Jabel Erica Odiamar-Bercasio 315104634 EDID6501 Assignment One Webquest: School District or Zone Behaviourist Model
Behaviourist theories applied to condition behaviour are considered by some as simplistic (Wikibooks, 2016). After all, there is a seemingly black and white response to various actions. Good behaviour is reinforced by rewards and bad behaviour is discouraged by punishments. In other words, “actions that are followed by reinforcement will be strengthened and more likely to occur again in the future” (Cherry, 2016). This setup, however, has been successfully used in the academe for as long as we can remember. It has also been effectively used in disciplining young children at home. However, consistency is key to the success of a reward and punishment system.
In the case of levelling the effects amongst the schools that belong to the district, consistency will also be key. The teachers involved will have to be trained together. To reap the same results, each teacher should be able to deliver the same rewards and punishments. Not one teacher can be too soft or too hard. There should be a common ground and level. Therefore, there should be a handbook or guideline for every reward and punishment.
For universities or bigger primary and secondary schools, handbooks are typically given to children at the beginning of a school year. Even before the children have met their teachers, they and their parents are already briefed as to what to expect. For example, misbehaviour of different kinds will have different warnings and punishments. Something as serious as cheating can be punished with suspension for older kids, but may require a warning for smaller children. On the upside of things, high marks, good behaviour, or perfect attendance can be rewarded by per-term awards. The School District should provide the same such handbooks.
Some may say that the concerns of the school district may not rely solely on the behaviour of the children. However, for a class to run smoothly and the children to learn well, it must be well-managed. While each child can efficiently learn on their own, that defeats the purpose of having a school in the first place. Each one of the children must learn from class and must be able to contribute something positive to his or her classmates. Behaviourism may not fully address the unique and individual learning strengths and weaknesses of each child but it recognises that each will expose to stimuli during the process of learning (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2016). By maintaining proper discipline and classroom management through a reward-punishment system, the school district can address all learning concerns though in a simplified manner. It recognises that the Asperger’s child will need order and rule in order to not be overstimulated (Packer, PhD, 2016). It recognises that the problem child needs to realise that poor behaviour choices can lead to punishments, whether in a positive or negative form. A positive punishment may be detention and a negative punishment may be the removal of perks, such as playtime (Cherry, 2016). Associations such as these are important to young children who may not yet be able to tackle more complicated arguments to support good behaviour.
Behaviourist principles may seem too simple, but its application might just solve the learning problems among children in the school district. They can be supported by tangible material, such as handbooks. References: Cherry, K. (2016, September 24). Operant Conditioning. Retrieved from Very Well: https://www.verywell.com/operant-conditioning-a2-2794863 Driscoll, M. P. (2014). Psychology of Learning for Instruction (Pearson New International Edition). Essex: Pearson. Packer, PhD, L. E. (2016, September 24). Classroom Tips for Students with Aspergers. Retrieved from School Behavior: http://www.schoolbehavior.com/disorders/aspergers-nld/classroom-tips-for-students-with-asperger%E2%80%99s-disorder/ Psychology About.Com. (2016, September 24). History of Psychology. Retrieved from Psychology.About: http://psychology.about.com/od/historyofpsychology/a/psychistory_3.htm Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (2016, September 24). Behaviorism. Retrieved from Stanford University: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/behaviorism/#5 Wikibooks. (2016, September 24). Behavioralist Theories. Retrieved from Wikibooks: https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Learning_Theories/Behavioralist_Theories